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Interview with S Ajay Kumar, Principal, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala


Recently, KV School, Pattom, Kerala was selected as the best school in Education World Indian School ranking. Established in 1964, this school has been introducing many new strategies time to time and all of them are getting appreciation from the children, parents, and the public. S Ajay Kumar, Principal of the school speaks about the three strategies that should be included in the education system and three strategies that should be avoided.

Strategies that should be Included

Strategy-1: Value Based Education

The foremost important strategy that should be included in the school system is value based education. Our children must know the best practices. They are surely guided by values, but that are not enough. In order to make them the best citizens in India, education system should focus on value based learning. They must expand their horizons, and should make friendships with others and should help others. With this objective in mind, we have introduced many initiatives. Frequently, our children visit other schools and make friendship with a student by gifting books. Students must also be able to face the challenges and issues they come across in their life. Teaching community should give more importance to this strategy. Under ‘Gift a book, get a friend,’ strategy, we adopted a school and find friends in that school by presenting them books.  


Strategy -2: Utilization of Technology
We are living in a technologically advanced world. Its influence can be seen in each and every corners of life. Education institutions in India are also giving importance to smart classes and digital education. However, education system is not utilizing the technology fully. Smart classes and computer based education are progressing in schools, but it is not utilized completely. Younger teachers are tech savvy, but that is not the case of old generation. Teachers, irrespective of age, must be well versed in technology, which is essential for strengthening students technologically.
Today, technologies are misused and students become addict to it. This tendency should also be changed. They must know the power of technology, but they should not be addicted to it. Parents and teachers can do a lot in this regard.

Strategy 3: Implementation of Good Study Habits

The next important factor is the implementation of study habits among children. We are visiting many schools in Kerala and interact with many students in our school as well as other schools. Based on those interactions, we came to know that there are no study habits among children. Study habits should be created in the minds of students. Most students spend sleepless nights during the time of examination. But, most of them do not devote a particular time period every day for learning. Some spend only 30 minutes for studying, but that too are not on regular basis. This habit should be changed. Students should devote some time every day for their studies. The earning habit should be inculcated in the minds of students.

 

Strategies that should be Removed From Education System


Strategy -1: Schools should be Excluded from Bundh and harthal

Lots of academic losses are happening due to bundh, harthal, etc. The government, political leaders and political parties must strictly avoid schools from these types of agitations. The classes of students should not be lost due to these issues. Students must get lots of time for learning and interacting with each other. Schools should also implement an academic environment within the school. If they get more time, they can utilize libraries and other medium completely. They will also get lots of opportunities to develop their skills in the best possible way.

Strategy 2: Curriculum should be Changed Frequently

This is an important strategy that should be included in the education system. At present, one syllabus is changing in every 8-10 years, which should be changed completely. Lots of changes are happening every day. The thing that is novel today becomes obsolete tomorrow. Therefore, students must be aware of these changes. They must learn the new techniques and innovations. They must be equipped with the latest happenings in the world and surroundings. As you know, we are empowering our students to shoulder the responsibilities of tomorrows. So, they must be able to understand it. So, changing the syllabus frequently is indispensible. If possible, new syllabus should be introduced in every year. 

 

Strategy 3: Say a Strict No to Punishments

 Students should not be punished for their faults. Due to the involvement of Human Rights Commission, these types of best practices are implementing in schools. But, it should be introduced all schools in India. Even today, lots of schools and teachers are adopting punishments to teach students good lessons, but it is not good. We at KV school, Pattom never punish students even if they come late, or fail to do their home works. Instead, we are adopting some entertaining strategies to develop responsibilities in the minds of students. Once we stopped punishments, good results can be seen in the performance of students. They improved their talents, they started behaving with teachers and elders with respect. They also started learning responsibly. We are very happy to see all these changes. We are strengthening our students by giving them counseling. We are promoting our students in 360 degrees. We removed punishment from our school permanently. We will not even say a harsh word to our students. If there is any issue, we will inform to the parents. When we stopped punishment, the result is tremendous. We are developing a cordial atmosphere within the school.

Teaching Students in the style of KV school, Pattom

KV school is giving importance on the development of physical, mental, internal, external factors of a student. They are finding the talents at the younger age and give lots of opportunities to develop their talents. We are also aware of developing the learning skills and thinking of students. We are also giving physical activities like sports. Lots of opportunities are given to learn new things and think differently. 


We got award for our “Face a Book Challenge.” This program focuses on the intellectual development of a student. We give a book to the students and ask them to prepare videos, presentations, etc. They will also give an opportunity to present it during the assembly. We got lots of appreciation for this program.

Maths Clinic is another program, which is introduced for students to make learning mathematics in an interesting way. In this program, a student from +1 or +2 becomes the doctor of this clinic and 2 girls will be selected as nurses. The small students, who are backward in maths will be selected as patients. Just like a doctor giving medicines after checking a patient, the doctor in math clinic also teach these students. So, they can learn addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in a fun way. Usually, this program is conducted by the supervision of a teacher. But, students can undertake it without supervision.


---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---
 


Another innovative strategy is the use of Password. Each day, we introduce new words during assembly. That word should be used as a password in the entire day. The new word and its meaning will be explained in the notice board. Students should use this password for entering the class if they are late. 


Break everything and read a book is the other novel initiative. In this process, the classes will be stopped and ask everybody to read a book. During this time, all students, teachers and other staff must read a book. They should also create an opinion on the basis of the book they read.

Pattom school becomes the best in India because of the introduction of these types innovative and novel ideas.

 




Education Institutions Should be Excluded From Harthal






Interview with S Ajay Kumar, Principal, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala


Recently, KV School, Pattom, Kerala was selected as the best school in Education World Indian School ranking. Established in 1964, this school has been introducing many new strategies time to time and all of them are getting appreciation from the children, parents, and the public. S Ajay Kumar, Principal of the school speaks about the three strategies that should be included in the education system and three strategies that should be avoided.

Strategies that should be Included

Strategy-1: Value Based Education

The foremost important strategy that should be included in the school system is value based education. Our children must know the best practices. They are surely guided by values, but that are not enough. In order to make them the best citizens in India, education system should focus on value based learning. They must expand their horizons, and should make friendships with others and should help others. With this objective in mind, we have introduced many initiatives. Frequently, our children visit other schools and make friendship with a student by gifting books. Students must also be able to face the challenges and issues they come across in their life. Teaching community should give more importance to this strategy. Under ‘Gift a book, get a friend,’ strategy, we adopted a school and find friends in that school by presenting them books.  


Strategy -2: Utilization of Technology
We are living in a technologically advanced world. Its influence can be seen in each and every corners of life. Education institutions in India are also giving importance to smart classes and digital education. However, education system is not utilizing the technology fully. Smart classes and computer based education are progressing in schools, but it is not utilized completely. Younger teachers are tech savvy, but that is not the case of old generation. Teachers, irrespective of age, must be well versed in technology, which is essential for strengthening students technologically.
Today, technologies are misused and students become addict to it. This tendency should also be changed. They must know the power of technology, but they should not be addicted to it. Parents and teachers can do a lot in this regard.

Strategy 3: Implementation of Good Study Habits

The next important factor is the implementation of study habits among children. We are visiting many schools in Kerala and interact with many students in our school as well as other schools. Based on those interactions, we came to know that there are no study habits among children. Study habits should be created in the minds of students. Most students spend sleepless nights during the time of examination. But, most of them do not devote a particular time period every day for learning. Some spend only 30 minutes for studying, but that too are not on regular basis. This habit should be changed. Students should devote some time every day for their studies. The earning habit should be inculcated in the minds of students.

 

Strategies that should be Removed From Education System


Strategy -1: Schools should be Excluded from Bundh and harthal

Lots of academic losses are happening due to bundh, harthal, etc. The government, political leaders and political parties must strictly avoid schools from these types of agitations. The classes of students should not be lost due to these issues. Students must get lots of time for learning and interacting with each other. Schools should also implement an academic environment within the school. If they get more time, they can utilize libraries and other medium completely. They will also get lots of opportunities to develop their skills in the best possible way.

Strategy 2: Curriculum should be Changed Frequently

This is an important strategy that should be included in the education system. At present, one syllabus is changing in every 8-10 years, which should be changed completely. Lots of changes are happening every day. The thing that is novel today becomes obsolete tomorrow. Therefore, students must be aware of these changes. They must learn the new techniques and innovations. They must be equipped with the latest happenings in the world and surroundings. As you know, we are empowering our students to shoulder the responsibilities of tomorrows. So, they must be able to understand it. So, changing the syllabus frequently is indispensible. If possible, new syllabus should be introduced in every year. 

 

Strategy 3: Say a Strict No to Punishments

 Students should not be punished for their faults. Due to the involvement of Human Rights Commission, these types of best practices are implementing in schools. But, it should be introduced all schools in India. Even today, lots of schools and teachers are adopting punishments to teach students good lessons, but it is not good. We at KV school, Pattom never punish students even if they come late, or fail to do their home works. Instead, we are adopting some entertaining strategies to develop responsibilities in the minds of students. Once we stopped punishments, good results can be seen in the performance of students. They improved their talents, they started behaving with teachers and elders with respect. They also started learning responsibly. We are very happy to see all these changes. We are strengthening our students by giving them counseling. We are promoting our students in 360 degrees. We removed punishment from our school permanently. We will not even say a harsh word to our students. If there is any issue, we will inform to the parents. When we stopped punishment, the result is tremendous. We are developing a cordial atmosphere within the school.

Teaching Students in the style of KV school, Pattom

KV school is giving importance on the development of physical, mental, internal, external factors of a student. They are finding the talents at the younger age and give lots of opportunities to develop their talents. We are also aware of developing the learning skills and thinking of students. We are also giving physical activities like sports. Lots of opportunities are given to learn new things and think differently. 


We got award for our “Face a Book Challenge.” This program focuses on the intellectual development of a student. We give a book to the students and ask them to prepare videos, presentations, etc. They will also give an opportunity to present it during the assembly. We got lots of appreciation for this program.

Maths Clinic is another program, which is introduced for students to make learning mathematics in an interesting way. In this program, a student from +1 or +2 becomes the doctor of this clinic and 2 girls will be selected as nurses. The small students, who are backward in maths will be selected as patients. Just like a doctor giving medicines after checking a patient, the doctor in math clinic also teach these students. So, they can learn addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in a fun way. Usually, this program is conducted by the supervision of a teacher. But, students can undertake it without supervision.


---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---
 


Another innovative strategy is the use of Password. Each day, we introduce new words during assembly. That word should be used as a password in the entire day. The new word and its meaning will be explained in the notice board. Students should use this password for entering the class if they are late. 


Break everything and read a book is the other novel initiative. In this process, the classes will be stopped and ask everybody to read a book. During this time, all students, teachers and other staff must read a book. They should also create an opinion on the basis of the book they read.

Pattom school becomes the best in India because of the introduction of these types innovative and novel ideas.

 









Arcades have been a source of entertainment and fun for adults and kids of all ages. Everybody wants to play fun games with family and friends. Air hockey table is a very popular, well-loved arcade game. Today, it has moved out of entertainment complexes and malls right into family households. An air hockey table makes use of some of the aspects of air hockey for creating a fun arcade game. A smooth table top and a puck are designed to resemble an ice rink. Paddles are used for pushing the puck forth and back. An air hockey table can be seen in some business organizations and even churches. Learning air hockey is very easy. Therefore, people of all ages can play this game. Adding an air hockey table in your space is the best and simple way to provide your family, friends, and employees with hours of fun. This Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table Review helps to understand the great features of this product.

Major Features of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table


Feature 1: Perfect Airflow

The airflow on the surface should be adequate for playing a good and fair game every time. The Atomic Top Shelf 7.5-inch provides you far more than adequate. It has a 120-volt motor, which provides you more airflow. Therefore, it allows gliding the pucks fluidly across the table surface. So, you can enjoy a smooth game every time. Atomic Top Shelf 7.5-inch can definitely provide you a fair game that you are looking for.

Feature 2: Smooth Style Surface

Ultra-smooth, ultra-slick surface is the specialty of this Atomic Top Shelf. Besides, the even playing surface helps even flow. The top of this Atomic Top Shelf resembles the style of old arcade air hockey tables. It can really provide you a retro feel and a sleek and attractive look. The high-speed PVC playing surface offers continuous play, which never wears down. 


Feature 3: Gameplay

This air hockey table is designed for those who want to enjoy fast-paced games. The PVC laminated MDF playfield gives you a smooth and even surface. At the same time, the 120-volt motor creates a powerful and steady airflow, which allows the puck to glide easily from one point to the other. So, the players can enjoy a non-stop arcade game. The size of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table is perfect and it boasts a sharp, nice, retro shape. Therefore, the table is incredibly attractive and spacious. All the four legs are large and sturdy, which help even out the table automatically.


Feature 4: LED Lumen-X Technology

The LED Lumen X technology is the other excellent feature of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table. These LED lights run along the edge of this table and emit red, blue, and green light effects. They are paired with very fast and high-tempo music, which can raise your adrenaline levels. All these factors make the game even more intense. The colors of the lights change when you or your opponent makes a score. It rewards the scorer with an adrenaline rush and pressurizes the other player to improve his game. This is the excellent way to raise the competition to an exciting level.

Feature 5: Aesthetics

The well-built design provides an aesthetic appeal to this Atomic Top Shelf. The aesthetic of this board suits the game arena and the interior of your home. This is one of the strongest features of this product. The LED Lumen X technology further boosts the visual effects of this board. You can enjoy the aesthetics of the Atomic Top Shelf fully by turning off the lights and play air hockey in the dark. As a result, the LED lights will become more prominent. Thus, you can test your skills by relying on your reflexes instead of your sight.

 

Feature 6: Durability

The weight of Atomic Top Shelf is 230 pounds. Therefore, it is heavier than most other air hockey tables on the market. Many users complain about the weight of this table during the initial stage. But, the size and design of this table are really appreciating because it offers some crucial advantages. The sturdy design provides extreme support, which is helpful for surviving rough and heavy usage. The Atomic Top Shelf is extremely strong, so it can hold up when you lean in for a shot.

Pros

• Very powerful motor
• Offers proper airflow
• Stable and strong design
• Innovative concept
• Manly and athletic appeal
• LED Lumen X technology
• High-speed PVC playing surface
• Action-packed air hockey table
• Large and durable legs

Cons

• Very heavy


FAQ

Q: Is it possible to play by switching off the light?

A: Yes, you can. It can provide you an old school feels when you switch off the light. This is preferable for some people.

Q: Can I switch off the sound?

A: You can control the sound from the control center that lies at the corner of this tabletop. The operation procedure for sound control is very easy and simple. 

www.AnaEzine.webs.com
Q: What are the sizes of pucks that come with this table?

A: You will get three pucks with this table. The size of each of them is a 3-inch diameter. The red regular, clear with LED lights and a hexagon with LED lights are these three pucks. You can operate them by using coin style batteries. The blue and red paddles are rechargeable.

Q: Does the table have Leg levelers?

A: The Atomic Top Shelf has two leveling discs. The size of one is 1mm and the other is 2mm. These leveling discs are unique and they are different from typical levelers that are associated with the furniture.

---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---

Conclusion


You can definitely purchase this Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table for getting a true arcade experience. It can provide hours of fun and entertainment to your family and friends. It is constructed to stand up to the test of time. The beautiful design and great looks make it perfect for any space. Though more expensive, it can really provide you the best value for your money. So, it allows you enjoy the game for many years to come. Greater comfort is the other major feature of this table. This Atomic Top Shelf really stands out from the crowd in terms of gameplay, aesthetics, and topmost performance.

Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table Review





Arcades have been a source of entertainment and fun for adults and kids of all ages. Everybody wants to play fun games with family and friends. Air hockey table is a very popular, well-loved arcade game. Today, it has moved out of entertainment complexes and malls right into family households. An air hockey table makes use of some of the aspects of air hockey for creating a fun arcade game. A smooth table top and a puck are designed to resemble an ice rink. Paddles are used for pushing the puck forth and back. An air hockey table can be seen in some business organizations and even churches. Learning air hockey is very easy. Therefore, people of all ages can play this game. Adding an air hockey table in your space is the best and simple way to provide your family, friends, and employees with hours of fun. This Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table Review helps to understand the great features of this product.

Major Features of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table


Feature 1: Perfect Airflow

The airflow on the surface should be adequate for playing a good and fair game every time. The Atomic Top Shelf 7.5-inch provides you far more than adequate. It has a 120-volt motor, which provides you more airflow. Therefore, it allows gliding the pucks fluidly across the table surface. So, you can enjoy a smooth game every time. Atomic Top Shelf 7.5-inch can definitely provide you a fair game that you are looking for.

Feature 2: Smooth Style Surface

Ultra-smooth, ultra-slick surface is the specialty of this Atomic Top Shelf. Besides, the even playing surface helps even flow. The top of this Atomic Top Shelf resembles the style of old arcade air hockey tables. It can really provide you a retro feel and a sleek and attractive look. The high-speed PVC playing surface offers continuous play, which never wears down. 


Feature 3: Gameplay

This air hockey table is designed for those who want to enjoy fast-paced games. The PVC laminated MDF playfield gives you a smooth and even surface. At the same time, the 120-volt motor creates a powerful and steady airflow, which allows the puck to glide easily from one point to the other. So, the players can enjoy a non-stop arcade game. The size of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table is perfect and it boasts a sharp, nice, retro shape. Therefore, the table is incredibly attractive and spacious. All the four legs are large and sturdy, which help even out the table automatically.


Feature 4: LED Lumen-X Technology

The LED Lumen X technology is the other excellent feature of Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table. These LED lights run along the edge of this table and emit red, blue, and green light effects. They are paired with very fast and high-tempo music, which can raise your adrenaline levels. All these factors make the game even more intense. The colors of the lights change when you or your opponent makes a score. It rewards the scorer with an adrenaline rush and pressurizes the other player to improve his game. This is the excellent way to raise the competition to an exciting level.

Feature 5: Aesthetics

The well-built design provides an aesthetic appeal to this Atomic Top Shelf. The aesthetic of this board suits the game arena and the interior of your home. This is one of the strongest features of this product. The LED Lumen X technology further boosts the visual effects of this board. You can enjoy the aesthetics of the Atomic Top Shelf fully by turning off the lights and play air hockey in the dark. As a result, the LED lights will become more prominent. Thus, you can test your skills by relying on your reflexes instead of your sight.

 

Feature 6: Durability

The weight of Atomic Top Shelf is 230 pounds. Therefore, it is heavier than most other air hockey tables on the market. Many users complain about the weight of this table during the initial stage. But, the size and design of this table are really appreciating because it offers some crucial advantages. The sturdy design provides extreme support, which is helpful for surviving rough and heavy usage. The Atomic Top Shelf is extremely strong, so it can hold up when you lean in for a shot.

Pros

• Very powerful motor
• Offers proper airflow
• Stable and strong design
• Innovative concept
• Manly and athletic appeal
• LED Lumen X technology
• High-speed PVC playing surface
• Action-packed air hockey table
• Large and durable legs

Cons

• Very heavy


FAQ

Q: Is it possible to play by switching off the light?

A: Yes, you can. It can provide you an old school feels when you switch off the light. This is preferable for some people.

Q: Can I switch off the sound?

A: You can control the sound from the control center that lies at the corner of this tabletop. The operation procedure for sound control is very easy and simple. 

www.AnaEzine.webs.com
Q: What are the sizes of pucks that come with this table?

A: You will get three pucks with this table. The size of each of them is a 3-inch diameter. The red regular, clear with LED lights and a hexagon with LED lights are these three pucks. You can operate them by using coin style batteries. The blue and red paddles are rechargeable.

Q: Does the table have Leg levelers?

A: The Atomic Top Shelf has two leveling discs. The size of one is 1mm and the other is 2mm. These leveling discs are unique and they are different from typical levelers that are associated with the furniture.

---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---

Conclusion


You can definitely purchase this Atomic Top Shelf 7.5' Air Hockey Table for getting a true arcade experience. It can provide hours of fun and entertainment to your family and friends. It is constructed to stand up to the test of time. The beautiful design and great looks make it perfect for any space. Though more expensive, it can really provide you the best value for your money. So, it allows you enjoy the game for many years to come. Greater comfort is the other major feature of this table. This Atomic Top Shelf really stands out from the crowd in terms of gameplay, aesthetics, and topmost performance.




Africa is a vast continent and it always attracts the fascinations of the rest of the world for its interesting traditions, fantastic wildlife, and intense landscape. This land is also known as the cradle of humanity. The Africans are facing poverty, capitalist exploitation and climate changes. However, they are also popular for their ancestral knowledge and art. Most of the modern body arts are originated from the African tribal body art. Many African tribes decorate their body by using body paints, mud, shaving, piercing, etc. Here is an analysis of African tattoos.


History Of African Tattoo Designs


The traditional African societies practiced a form of tattooing, which is called scarification or cicatrisation. They scar their skin in decorative patterns. These scars can be packed with dyes or inks to form rudimentary tattoos. They cut their body in decorative patterns by using thorns or razors. Then rub charcoal into these small cuts. Mostly, these designs indicate the social rank, religious authority, political status and traits of character of these tribes. Scarification is also associated with the fertility of African women. They add scars at puberty, after delivering first child, or the end of breast feeding. These scars highlight the courage and bravery of women in suffering the pain of child birth. But, scans on buttocks and hits are associated with the sensual and erotic aspects of these parts of female body.


According to the African culture, the words 'to tattoo' or 'to scarify' mean 'to paint' or 'to draw'. The African tribes use very little clothing and their body was seen as the canvas for decoration.

Types Of African Scarification And Tattoos


Scarification varies depending on cut depth, skin type, and how the wound is treated while healing. Therefore, the outcome of scarification is unpredictable. Usually, the outcome design is simple, but its details may lost during healing. A method that works for one person may not be suitable for the other. The following are a few types of scarification.

* Branding
* Cutting
* Abrasion
* Peeling or skin removal
* Additional methods

BRANDING

Body branding is the process of striking on the skin with specifically shaped hot metals. The risk is very high in this scarification technique, so after care is very crucial. Methods used for branding are:

* Strike Branding

This process is similar to livestock branding. At first, a piece of metal is heated, then it is pressed onto the skin. It was very common during ancient times and it was used to punish criminals or to claim the ownership of slaves. However, strike branding body art is not so preferable because it is not precise. It can also spread greatly during healing process. This is not good for curved areas of body. Compared to strike branding, the more popular method is multi-strike branding. Instead of pressing hot metal at once, it is done by piece by piece. If you need a V-shaped brand, it is done by burning two lines separately with a straight piece of metal instead of using a V-shaped piece of metal.

* Cold branding

In hot branding, the metal is heated to make the branding. But in cold branding, the iron is dipped in liquid nitrogen and it is applied to the flesh.

* Electro-cauterization

This is laser branding method and it provides very fine results. Laser is effective for cutting very delicate lines and it can create intricate patterns. 

 
CUTTING
This is a very common method to create permanent scars on the body. This is the process of making precision cuts in the skin. A scalpel or other surgical equipment is used for creating redesigned pattern or shape. Depending on the final depth of scarring, the wound may be cut again and again. If the scar is deeper, the mark will be bolder. The medical field uses the term cutting to describe a form of self abuse. But, cutting in body modification is different. Cutting scarification is usually practiced for achieving a personal goal, which can be an art or life event. Various methods of cutting are: 

* Ink Rubbing
Tattoo ink is used to rub on a fresh cut. When the cut heals, most of the ink remains on your skin. It can provide you the same effects of tattoos. In other words, ink rubbing is a poorly done tattoo.

* Skin Removal
When you cut single lines, the scars will be relatively thin. Skin removal is the process of getting larger area of scars. First of all, outline of the skin is removed, then the skin is peeled away. This method provides an inconsistent texture of scars. 

* Packing
People in Africa also used this type of scarring. In this process, the cut is made diagonally. Then, ash or clay is packed into the wound.

* Hatching
Sterile surgical scalpel is used to cut the skin. Hatching technique is used for scarring larger areas. This is an easy method and it can be done by using only one hand. 

PEELING
This is also a common form of scarification. Surgical scalpels are used for slicing and removing sections of skin to create detailed designs on the body. In order to get the best results, the artists remove only a minimal amount of skin. Good after care is essential to maintain design integrity and skin health.

Abrasion
This is the process of removing layers of skin. Inkless tattooing device is used for making abrasions. In chemical scarification, corrosive chemicals are used for removing skin. 

ADDITIONAL METHODS

Alternative body scarification methods are available for body art lovers. These methods are:

* Tattoo Machine
This is the process of branding or etching the skin with sinless tattoo machine to make design or pattern.

* Injection
This process is very risky. Noxious chemicals are injected under the skin for creating random scar designs. 

Meaning Of African Scarring and Tattoos
The meaning of African tattoos are derived from African culture. The nature of traditional Africans was superstitious. Some people wore tribal tattoos to get protection from all sorts of harm throughout their life. They considered tattoo as a sort of protective mask. So, they believed that the tattoos are connected with some powers. By tattooing their body, people thought that they will get protection throughout their life. 

In this modern day, African tattoo arts are merely for decoration and they have no values. But, the traditional minded people consider that this art makes them supernatural and they will be able to overcome the evil. Instead of tattooing, they used the term scarification because they think that this art makes the wearer more than just human, which is supernatural.

The Africans tattooed their body to portray their character. Through scarification or tattoos, the Africans reveal their brevity and courage. Scarification is very painful. Immense strength is needed to do this art. 

The first African tattoo was found in 1994 BC on a 5000 year old mummy. Africans are black skinned people. So, black ink will not be visible in their body. So, the Africans used this peculiar type of body art, cicatrisation. 

Africans use different symbols while designing their body. The visual symbols, Adinkra was created in West Africa by Gyaman of Cote and Akan of Ghana. It represents aphorisms or concepts.
The dark pigmented skin of indigenous Africans was not ideal for tattooing. This was the reason behind the development of scarring. When they open the skin, they break the uppermost layer of pigment and filled it with slightly lighter shades of scar tissues. Many African provinces practice scarification even today. 

Beauty
Africans use scars to beautify their body. They start this process of beautification from childhood. Though there are other reasons for scarification, quest for beauty is the ultimate goal. 

Protection from Death
Spirituality plays a significant role in the culture of African people. Most of the people believe that the spirit is around them. By making facial scars, they believed that the scar wearer will be less desirable to the spirit of death. So, the meaning of scar is protection as well. 

Family Pride
African people made scars on their body to display their family pride. They consider scars as the signs of respect and love from the sisters for their brother. They also consider that it brings honor to their entire family.
 
Fertility
Young women often wear abdominal scars, which is the indication of their willingness to bear children. African culture considers it as the most desirable quality of future wife. Scars looked as erogenous due to the tender nature of women. 

 
Strength and Courage

Scarring is highly painful. So, it is considered as the test of courage. Greater personal strength is required to get through this procedure. If a person cries out in pain, it is considered as a humiliation. The amount of scarring in the body of a person is correlated directly with her/his perceived strength. If a person has more scars, he/she will get more respect within the community.

According to the history of African scarification, scars were created in different ways. It depends on the purpose of scars. Sometimes, a Y shaped blade is used to make the scar. But sometimes, skin is pushed up with fish hooks. Then slice the flesh with a sharp blade. After inflicting the wounds, they will be inflamed by rubbing with ashes or other substances. So, these scars will become heavier.

Though scarring is an ancient art, it will never fade away. Scarification is practiced by many people around the world. Body painting, henna tattoos, face painting, body piercing and scarification are derived from African body art. Today, very less tribes practice these types of body decorations. But these body arts ignite the enthusiasm of people in the Western world. So, these types of art are very popular today. Many African tribes practiced scarification. But, it is also very rare today. People in the US consider scarification as body alteration and they practice it as an alternative to tattooing. 
www.AnaEzine.webs.com

Tribes in Africa practice face painting and body painting during events such as kids' parties. Modern scarification is practiced in sterile environments. Today, scarring takes place in well lighted body art shops. They use sterilized surgical tools as well. Peroxide or petroleum jelly is used to encourage irritation of the wound. During the prolonged healing process, scabs are peeled away gently.

---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---


Though the African tattoos and scarring are very popular, it is a personal choice. Just like tattoos, scarring is also permanent. The rich and decorative practice of African body art continues to dominate the other parts of the world. So, you can also consider African body art if you are serious about body decorations.

African Tattoos: Elegant and Attractive




Africa is a vast continent and it always attracts the fascinations of the rest of the world for its interesting traditions, fantastic wildlife, and intense landscape. This land is also known as the cradle of humanity. The Africans are facing poverty, capitalist exploitation and climate changes. However, they are also popular for their ancestral knowledge and art. Most of the modern body arts are originated from the African tribal body art. Many African tribes decorate their body by using body paints, mud, shaving, piercing, etc. Here is an analysis of African tattoos.


History Of African Tattoo Designs


The traditional African societies practiced a form of tattooing, which is called scarification or cicatrisation. They scar their skin in decorative patterns. These scars can be packed with dyes or inks to form rudimentary tattoos. They cut their body in decorative patterns by using thorns or razors. Then rub charcoal into these small cuts. Mostly, these designs indicate the social rank, religious authority, political status and traits of character of these tribes. Scarification is also associated with the fertility of African women. They add scars at puberty, after delivering first child, or the end of breast feeding. These scars highlight the courage and bravery of women in suffering the pain of child birth. But, scans on buttocks and hits are associated with the sensual and erotic aspects of these parts of female body.


According to the African culture, the words 'to tattoo' or 'to scarify' mean 'to paint' or 'to draw'. The African tribes use very little clothing and their body was seen as the canvas for decoration.

Types Of African Scarification And Tattoos


Scarification varies depending on cut depth, skin type, and how the wound is treated while healing. Therefore, the outcome of scarification is unpredictable. Usually, the outcome design is simple, but its details may lost during healing. A method that works for one person may not be suitable for the other. The following are a few types of scarification.

* Branding
* Cutting
* Abrasion
* Peeling or skin removal
* Additional methods

BRANDING

Body branding is the process of striking on the skin with specifically shaped hot metals. The risk is very high in this scarification technique, so after care is very crucial. Methods used for branding are:

* Strike Branding

This process is similar to livestock branding. At first, a piece of metal is heated, then it is pressed onto the skin. It was very common during ancient times and it was used to punish criminals or to claim the ownership of slaves. However, strike branding body art is not so preferable because it is not precise. It can also spread greatly during healing process. This is not good for curved areas of body. Compared to strike branding, the more popular method is multi-strike branding. Instead of pressing hot metal at once, it is done by piece by piece. If you need a V-shaped brand, it is done by burning two lines separately with a straight piece of metal instead of using a V-shaped piece of metal.

* Cold branding

In hot branding, the metal is heated to make the branding. But in cold branding, the iron is dipped in liquid nitrogen and it is applied to the flesh.

* Electro-cauterization

This is laser branding method and it provides very fine results. Laser is effective for cutting very delicate lines and it can create intricate patterns. 

 
CUTTING
This is a very common method to create permanent scars on the body. This is the process of making precision cuts in the skin. A scalpel or other surgical equipment is used for creating redesigned pattern or shape. Depending on the final depth of scarring, the wound may be cut again and again. If the scar is deeper, the mark will be bolder. The medical field uses the term cutting to describe a form of self abuse. But, cutting in body modification is different. Cutting scarification is usually practiced for achieving a personal goal, which can be an art or life event. Various methods of cutting are: 

* Ink Rubbing
Tattoo ink is used to rub on a fresh cut. When the cut heals, most of the ink remains on your skin. It can provide you the same effects of tattoos. In other words, ink rubbing is a poorly done tattoo.

* Skin Removal
When you cut single lines, the scars will be relatively thin. Skin removal is the process of getting larger area of scars. First of all, outline of the skin is removed, then the skin is peeled away. This method provides an inconsistent texture of scars. 

* Packing
People in Africa also used this type of scarring. In this process, the cut is made diagonally. Then, ash or clay is packed into the wound.

* Hatching
Sterile surgical scalpel is used to cut the skin. Hatching technique is used for scarring larger areas. This is an easy method and it can be done by using only one hand. 

PEELING
This is also a common form of scarification. Surgical scalpels are used for slicing and removing sections of skin to create detailed designs on the body. In order to get the best results, the artists remove only a minimal amount of skin. Good after care is essential to maintain design integrity and skin health.

Abrasion
This is the process of removing layers of skin. Inkless tattooing device is used for making abrasions. In chemical scarification, corrosive chemicals are used for removing skin. 

ADDITIONAL METHODS

Alternative body scarification methods are available for body art lovers. These methods are:

* Tattoo Machine
This is the process of branding or etching the skin with sinless tattoo machine to make design or pattern.

* Injection
This process is very risky. Noxious chemicals are injected under the skin for creating random scar designs. 

Meaning Of African Scarring and Tattoos
The meaning of African tattoos are derived from African culture. The nature of traditional Africans was superstitious. Some people wore tribal tattoos to get protection from all sorts of harm throughout their life. They considered tattoo as a sort of protective mask. So, they believed that the tattoos are connected with some powers. By tattooing their body, people thought that they will get protection throughout their life. 

In this modern day, African tattoo arts are merely for decoration and they have no values. But, the traditional minded people consider that this art makes them supernatural and they will be able to overcome the evil. Instead of tattooing, they used the term scarification because they think that this art makes the wearer more than just human, which is supernatural.

The Africans tattooed their body to portray their character. Through scarification or tattoos, the Africans reveal their brevity and courage. Scarification is very painful. Immense strength is needed to do this art. 

The first African tattoo was found in 1994 BC on a 5000 year old mummy. Africans are black skinned people. So, black ink will not be visible in their body. So, the Africans used this peculiar type of body art, cicatrisation. 

Africans use different symbols while designing their body. The visual symbols, Adinkra was created in West Africa by Gyaman of Cote and Akan of Ghana. It represents aphorisms or concepts.
The dark pigmented skin of indigenous Africans was not ideal for tattooing. This was the reason behind the development of scarring. When they open the skin, they break the uppermost layer of pigment and filled it with slightly lighter shades of scar tissues. Many African provinces practice scarification even today. 

Beauty
Africans use scars to beautify their body. They start this process of beautification from childhood. Though there are other reasons for scarification, quest for beauty is the ultimate goal. 

Protection from Death
Spirituality plays a significant role in the culture of African people. Most of the people believe that the spirit is around them. By making facial scars, they believed that the scar wearer will be less desirable to the spirit of death. So, the meaning of scar is protection as well. 

Family Pride
African people made scars on their body to display their family pride. They consider scars as the signs of respect and love from the sisters for their brother. They also consider that it brings honor to their entire family.
 
Fertility
Young women often wear abdominal scars, which is the indication of their willingness to bear children. African culture considers it as the most desirable quality of future wife. Scars looked as erogenous due to the tender nature of women. 

 
Strength and Courage

Scarring is highly painful. So, it is considered as the test of courage. Greater personal strength is required to get through this procedure. If a person cries out in pain, it is considered as a humiliation. The amount of scarring in the body of a person is correlated directly with her/his perceived strength. If a person has more scars, he/she will get more respect within the community.

According to the history of African scarification, scars were created in different ways. It depends on the purpose of scars. Sometimes, a Y shaped blade is used to make the scar. But sometimes, skin is pushed up with fish hooks. Then slice the flesh with a sharp blade. After inflicting the wounds, they will be inflamed by rubbing with ashes or other substances. So, these scars will become heavier.

Though scarring is an ancient art, it will never fade away. Scarification is practiced by many people around the world. Body painting, henna tattoos, face painting, body piercing and scarification are derived from African body art. Today, very less tribes practice these types of body decorations. But these body arts ignite the enthusiasm of people in the Western world. So, these types of art are very popular today. Many African tribes practiced scarification. But, it is also very rare today. People in the US consider scarification as body alteration and they practice it as an alternative to tattooing. 
www.AnaEzine.webs.com

Tribes in Africa practice face painting and body painting during events such as kids' parties. Modern scarification is practiced in sterile environments. Today, scarring takes place in well lighted body art shops. They use sterilized surgical tools as well. Peroxide or petroleum jelly is used to encourage irritation of the wound. During the prolonged healing process, scabs are peeled away gently.

---ADVERTISEMENT---

Before I finish this article I just wanted to say how important communication is and that everybody should be able to communicate all around the world but we can't do that if we don't speak the same languages. Did you learn a foreign language in school? Can you speak it fluently? Don't let those years and money spent be a waste! You can "Speak Any Language Instantly" and it's free. Everybody in the world speaks on of 15 languages. And I give you all 15 languages, for free! After finishing reading my article, please visit www.AnaEzine.webs.com because this 3-minute program will make you fluent and scientist research has shown that speaking a second language fluently will increase the size of the brain, make it disease resistant, and slow down aging so that you live longer and have a quicker mind and more productive life! Now back to my article...

---ARTICLE CONTINUED---


Though the African tattoos and scarring are very popular, it is a personal choice. Just like tattoos, scarring is also permanent. The rich and decorative practice of African body art continues to dominate the other parts of the world. So, you can also consider African body art if you are serious about body decorations.